Jus Voli Citizenship System

Excerpt from the patent specification:

Part I: Jus Voli

Under the present invention, a multinational team is created to negotiate 201 the terms of a treaty, and, after such terms are agreeable to all potential party nations, a plurality of nations agrees 202 to the treaty. Thereafter, when a citizen of a party nation meets a treaty-specified age threshold 203, he or she can participate in the remainder of the disclosed process of jus voli citizenship determination; prior to the treaty-specified age, national law governs 204 the individual’s citizenship.

[0083] Per the terms of the treaty 205, the qualified citizen is provided 206 a form 200 in FIG. 2A whereby he or she can select 207 a citizenship so as to choose the nation to which he or she will belong. As depicted, this form 200, which can be print or electronic (shown) so as to be globally accessible via the Internet, provides a menu of all signatory nations such that an individual completing the form can choose exactly one nation to join. The form 200 also requires a pledge of allegiance and an agreement to abide by the laws of the chosen nation; it may also be desirable to require a verbal, sworn declaration of the same. Identity of an individual must be verified prior to allowing the individual to submit the form. Thereafter, the citizen pays 208 an initiation fee or tax, which can be set by each individual nation subject to limitations in the treaty, and becomes 209 a citizen of the chosen nation.

Under the present invention, residency is treated separately from citizenship, so as to avoid massive migrations of populations during the early years of jus voli implementation. Thus, if a person wishes 210 to live within the geographical borders of the nation of which he or she has become a new citizen, he or she must follow 211 a residency procedure determined by the individual nation he or she has joined. Such procedure may include a required waiting period of several years, a required tax, an employment requirement, or other measures designed to ensure that the rights and opportunities of prior citizens and residents are not harmed by the grant of citizenship to the new citizen. While such a residency procedure does on its face create “second-class citizens”, this interim measure appears to be a necessary evil that can be justified as a reasonable way to facilitate genuine progress toward the twin goals of personal autonomy and governmental legitimacy while also accommodating practical realities.

While the disclosed system is expressly aimed at empowering the free will of all people and establishing legitimate governments through the exercise of that free will, jus voli is not intended to empower capricious behavior. Thus, if a citizen wishes to change 212 citizenship after having chosen a citizenship through jus voli, he or she must follow 213 a change procedure specified in the treaty. Such procedure may include a limitation on the frequency with which an individual can change citizenship (e.g., a maximum of one change every 10 years) or an absolute numerical limit on the number of citizenship changes an individual can undergo (e.g., three changes per lifetime).

At birth, and until a first jus voli election has been made, the citizenship of an individual is determined per the related art citizenship laws (jus soli, jus sanguinis, naturalization) 204.

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